Joe has 20+ years of experience in patient safety and healthcare simulation. He received his PhD in Medical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology. He was previously a researcher in the Simulation Group at the Massachusetts General Hospital and an instructor at Harvard Medical School. At the SimGroup, he coinvented and was systems engineer for the COMETS Combat Medic Training System, currently commercialized by CAE Healthcare as the CAE Caesar Trauma Training Simulator. He is also faculty at Pitt’s Swanson School of Engineering.